Tuesday, March 8, 2011

Tourist spot of Jharkhand Betla national park,pride of palamau.

Betla national park s pride of Palamau.Situated in the districts of Palamau  and Latehar Sanctuary is spread over an area of 979sq.km. The core area of 232 sq. km of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National park in September1989. The park occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau and was constituted in the year 1960 as an extension of the Hazaribagh National park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world's first tiger census was enumerated in 1932. The park became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under 'Project Tiger' in 1974.
Nagpuri gate of Palamau fort
The forests of the park have a vast range of vegetation consisting of tropical wet evergreen forests in the lower reaches, mixed (moist & dry) deciduous forests in the middle and temperate alpine forests in the upper reaches including Sal and bamboo as the major components along with a number of medicinal plants like palash,guliachi . The river   north Koel and its tributaries Ornga  run through the northern portion of the park. There are grasslands in the river flowing area. It has waterfalls and hot springs in satbarwa and mirchaiya fall. 

Lodh fall

One can also visit 468 –ft high Lodh Falls situated 95 km south of the park in Mahuadar and ruins of the Chero Kings’ Fort situated near the Betla at 400 ft (120 m).  Once the seat of Chero kings, there are two Chitalhistorical forts, one of them belonging to the 16th century deep inside the forest. The main sentinel of the old fort is visible high up on the hill with defences in three directions and three main gates.
The diversity of Eco-system promotes a wide variety of fauna consisting of elephant, panther, leopard, wild boar, tiger, gaur, sloth bear, sambar, chital, nuntjac, nilgai, langur, mouse deer, monkeys, small Indian civet, mongoose, jackals, porcupine, ant eating pangolin etc. Elephants in large numbers are seen mostly during the monsoons up to the time when water sources begin to dry up in March. Jackal and hyena are common scavengers. Bird-life is rich featuring the hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, black partridge, white necked stork, black ibis, swamp grey, quail, the pied born bill, wagtails, the harial, doves, drongo, the crested serpent-eagle, forest owls, the papiha and other birds usually found in dry deciduous forests. The famous Kamaldah lake attracts several varieties of water birds including the common whistling and cotton teal, the comb duck, snipe and geese. The rhesus monkey and the common languor provide attraction to children visiting the park.
betla tree house
way to betla
Described as one of the finest parks in the north-east for observing a variety of wild life from close range and tribal studies , there are elephant rides and jeeps available with guides and spotlight for venturing inside the park. Watch towers and ground hides have been constructed to view the wild life. Only group travel is recommended. Timings are from 0500 to 1900 hours.Best time of year to visit

October to May, open through out the year.
river koel
Betla is 25 Km away from Daltonganj which is well connected by rail and road network.Garib rath ,Rajdhani exp. Jharkhand exp from Delhi and shaktipunj exp,Hawrah Bhopal from Kolkata.Nearest airport is Birsa munda airport Ranchi.Private taxis are available  in Daltonganj,
The accommodation facilities in the tourist complex, include a three star hotel, tourist lodges with canteen, log huts and tree houses inside the forest with fully furnished suites. The tree house overlooks a watering hole a few yards away where the animals gather in the summers to quench their thirst. STD/ ISD, Postal and Internet facilities are available in the reserve area. Jharkhand State Tourism Development Corporation's Van Vihar is available for stay. Phone: 06562-286513. Palamau district site shows following amenities.


For accommodation of tourists the following rest houses, tourists lodges and dormitories are available:-
Sl.No. Location Accommodation Available Rate (Rs/day) No. Of suite/Room No. of Beds
1 Betla Forest Rest House No. 1 50/-per room 2 4
2 Betla Forest Rest House (Main) 50/-per room 2 4
3 Betla Tourist lodge 100/- per room 4 8
4 Betla Janta lodge 45/-per lodge 5 15
5 Betla Dormatry 120/- 1 15
6 Kerh Forest Rest House 50/- per room 2 4
7 Kerh Tourist Cottage 60/- per room 2 4
8 Kerh Dormatry 75/- 1 40
9 Maromar Forest rest House 50/- per room 2 4
10 Maromar Tree House 160/- 2 4
Besides there is Jharkhand State Tourism Devlopment Hotel ( Van Vihar) having 2 A.C. rooms, 1 Double bedded tree house, 7 deluxe rooms, 16 economy rooms, 4 three bedded Dormatry, 1 eight bedded dormatry, 2 five bedded dormatry and two other private hotels Debjani & Naihar , having 16 & 7 rooms respectively besides 2 dormatry of 10 bed & 5 bed capacity respectively.
Regulations within the Reserve :-
Following regulations are practiced :-
1. No entry after sunset & before sunrise. Night driving is prohibited in the reserve.
2. Pets, transistors, tape-recorder, stereos are not permitted.
3. No arms and ammunitions are allowed.
4. Carelessly throwing & leaving trash litter are strictly prohibited.
5. Candling fire in the forest is prohibited.
6. Fast driving (> 20 km. Per hour) & blowing of horn is strictly prohibited.
7. Shouting, teasing or chasing of animals are prohibited.
8. Hunting and fishing are strictly prohibited.
9. Staying in rest house without reservation are prohibited.
10. Use of flash camera to take a snap of wild animals are not allowed.
Interpretation & Conservation Education :- There is one Nature Interpretation Center (NIC), at Betla. This is an excellent creation, consists of reception, displays of models, Museum, Library and auditorium. This NIC remains open for the visitors daily from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm. Three staffs are deputed to take care of tourists & NIC. Two visitor’s book(1 VIP and 1 general) are maintained in NIC to get the visitor’s feed back & to access the no. of visitors. 16 mm films and videos film on wild life are also shown in the auditorium.
However with condition of law and order it would be better to stay at Daltonganj or in fix ban-glow of forest dept.Besides forest it also offer study of tribal life style and culture.